06 Aug TREATMENT OF VARICOSE VEIN IS NO MORE A STRESSFUL EXPERIENCE
Varicose veins are dilated, tortuous veins or in simple language enlarged, twisted blood vessels. Though any vein in the body can become enlarged, it is in the legs that they occur the most since standing and walking upright tends to increase the pressure in the veins of the lower body and over the time this pressure causes damage to the valves of the vein. Likewise, there is Spider Veins, a mild variation of Varicose Veins, smaller in size, with purple, red and blue blood vessels which similarly turn or twist. They can be found predominantly on the thigh and leg. WHAT CAUSES VARICOSE VEINS? There are multiple factors that can lead to formation of Varicose Veins and Spider Veins. Most common ones include: • Obesity; • Heredity factors(family history); • Pregnancy, • Hormonal imbalance during puberty; • Menopause during pregnancy; • Usage of birth control pills frequently; & • Working long hours standing. Police man/woman, Traffic police, Nurses, Teachers, workers, etc, are most prone to it. SIGNS OF VARICOSE VEINS Most common Signs that can be an indication of the impending occurrence of Varicose Veins & Spider Veins are frequent restlessness, burning sensation, cramping and tingling, aching, throbbing and heaviness in legs, Itching over leg, Black discoloration of leg and foot TREATMENTS TO HEAL VARICOSE VEINS There are a good number of treatments like: • RADIO-FREQUENCY OCCLUSION/ABLATION: Involves the insertion of a small catheter into the main truncal vein. The catheter disperses radio-frequency energy into the walls of veins, allowing it to heat and then subside. Later the veins are tightly sealed. The whole process is carried out under local anaesthesia. • ENDOVENOUS LASER TREATMENT: Involves the insertion of a tiny laser fiber into the vein following which laser beams generates energy into the veins resulting in the occlusion of the veins. • SCLEROTHERAPY: Involves injection of a highly-concentrated sclerosant solution into the vein, resulting in slow fade-out of the vein over a period of 3-6 weeks. • PHLEBECTOMY: Involves small incisions of about a few millimetres along the affected veins. Then a small hook is used to pull out the affected veins, cut and then finally removed in a number of pieces. This technique is ideal for smaller veins that diverge with the main veins. Above all procedures are very advanced and simple day care procedures, allowing the patient to get back to daily routine life the very same day or next day. • SURGERY: Involves a technique called Ligation / Stripping, predominantly recommended for varicose veins that are extremely large in size. • Make sure that you consult and follow the advice of an expert vascular surgeon who will recommend the best possible treatment from the above that best fits your medical problem. This way, you are assured that you are indeed in the best possible hands with the guarantee of a safe and secure treatment. POST VARICOSE-VEIN TREATMENT RECOVERY PROCESS Patient can get back to home immediately same day following the treatment process. In certain cases, the patient could be asked to stay overnight in the hospital for observation purposes. If the patient is healthy and the surgery process is performed only on one leg, then the patient will get discharged the same day. The recovery process may take some time for the patient to get back to normal activities again, purely to allow the incision to heal and the swelling to reduce. The whole recovery period could be anywhere between 1-3 weeks. ONCE NORMAL AND BACK TO WORK Certain lifestyle changes needs to be adapted by the patient to help keep the varicose veins at bay or reduce their re-appearance. • Regular exercise is a must daily. • Standing or sitting for long-hours should be avoided. • Sitting with crossed legs should be avoided. • Body weight must be under control. Overweight is a strict no-no.